B.Sc. BOTANY – SYLLABUS 2017

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)

PO1. Knowledge and understanding of:

  1. The evaluation of plant diversity and its classification with reference to the flora of Kochi, Kerala, vs India and the World.
  2. The role of plants in the functioning of the global ecosystem.
  3. Statistics as applied to biological data.
  4. Basic life science and fundamental process of plants and analyze any plant form.

PO2. Intellectual skills-able to:

  1. Assimilate knowledge and ideas based on wide reading, through books, journals, internet etc.
  2. Understand the evolving state of knowledge in a rapidly developing field.
  3. Construct and test hypothesis.
  4. Plan, conduct and write a report on an independent term project.

PO3. Practical skills in:

Students learn to carry out practical work, in the field and in the laboratory, with minimal risk. They gain introductory experience in applying each of the following skills and gain greater proficiency in a selection of them depending on their choice of optional modules.

  1. Interpreting plant morphology and anatomy.
  2. Mastery of vegetation analysis techniques.
  3. A range of physiochemical analyses of plant materials in the context of plant physiology and biochemistry.
  4. Analyze data using appropriate statistical methods and computer packages.
  5. Working towards the direction of developing plant clinics and farm support.

PO4. Transferable skills in:

  1. Use of IT (word-processing, use of internet, statistical packages and databases) for communication of scientific ideas in writing and oral presentation.
  2. Ability to work as part of a team.
  3. Ability to use library resources.
  4. Time management & Career planning.
  5. Local resource management in terms of plants

PO5. Design /development of solutions in investigation and management of complex problems:

Use research-based knowledge and research methods including design of experiments, analysis and interpretation of data, and development of the information to provide valid conclusions for the benefit of the society.

PO6. Modern tool usage:

Create, select, and apply appropriate techniques, resources, and modern instruments and equipments for biochemical estimation, molecular biology, biotechnology, plant tissue culture experiments, cellular and physiological activities of plants with an understanding of the application and limitations.

PO7. The Botanist and Society:

Apply reasoning informed by the contextual knowledge to assess plant diversity, its importance for society, health, safety, legal and environmental issues and the consequent responsibilities relevant to the biodiversity conservation practice.

PO8. Environment and sustainability and ethics:

Understand the impact of the plant diversity in societal and environmental contexts, and demonstrate the knowledge of, and need for sustainable development with a right insight to apply ethical principles and commit to environmental ethics and responsibilities and norms of the biodiversity conservation.

PO9. Life-long learning:

Recognize the need for, and have the preparation and ability to engage in independent and life-long learning in the broadest context of technological change.

Programme specific objectives (PSOs)

  1. To develop an understanding of the plant diversity on earth along with study of representative members from the various plant groups.
  2. To develop a scientific aptitude by following scientific methodology during the course.
  3. To learn basic skills like identification of plants, examining their features like morphology, anatomy, biochemistry, physiology etc. and analysing data by the use of instrumentation and biostatistics.
  4. To acquire knowledge about developing and carrying out project works for the purpose of problem-solving.
  5. To develop the skills to find out applications of the subject in the context of daily-life.

COURSE OBJECTIVES (CO)

CORE COURSES

BOT1CRT0117 – METHODOLOGY OF SCIENCE AND AN INTRODUCTION TO BOTANY

  • Understand the universal nature of science
  • Demonstrate the use of scientific method
  • To lay a strong foundation to the study in Botany
  • Impart an insight into the different types of classifications in the living kingdom
  • Appreciate the world of organisms and its course of evolution and diversity
  • Develop basic skills to study Botany in detail

BOT2CRT0117 – MICROBIOLOGY, MYCOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY

  • Understand the world of microbes, fungi and lichens
  • Appreciate the adaptive strategies of the microbes, fungi and lichens
  • To study the economic and pathological importance of microorganisms

BOT3CRT0117 – PHYCOLOGY AND BRYOLOGY

  • To study the evolutionary importance of Algae as progenitors of land plants
  • Understand the unique and general features Algae and Bryophytes and familiarize it
  • To study the external morphology, internal structure and reproduction of different types of Algae and Bryophytes
  • Realize the application of Phycology in different fields.

BOT4CRT0117 – PTERIDOLOGY, GYMNOSPERMS AND PALEOBOTANY

  • Understand the diversity in habits, habitats and organization of various groups of plants.
  • To impart an insight into the modern classifications in lower forms of plants.
  • Understand the evolutionary trends in Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms.
  • Study the anatomical variations in vascular plants.
  • Understand the significance of Paleobotany and its applications.

BOT5CRT0117-ANATOMY,REPRODUCTIVE BOTANY AND MICROTECHNIQUE

  • Imparting an insight into the internal structure and reproduction of the most evolved group of plants, the Angiosperms.
  • Understand the individual cells and also tissues simultaneously.
  • Understand the structural adaptations in plants growing in different environment.
  • Understand the morphology and development of reproductive parts.
  • Get an insight in to the fruit and seed development.
  • Understand the techniques used to preserve and study plant materials.

BOT5CRT0217 – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY, BIOPHYSICS AND BIOSTATISTICS

  • To equip the students to conduct independent research and prepare research reports.
  • To make the students acquaint with different tools and techniques used in research work.
  • To equip the students with basic computer skills necessary for conducting research.
  • To enable the students to have enough numerical skills necessary to carry out research.

BOT5CRT0317 – PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY

  • Acquire basic knowledge needed for proper understanding of plant functioning.
  • Familiarize with the basic skills and techniques related to plant physiology.
  • Understand the role, structure and importance of the bio molecules associated with plant life.

BOT5CRT0417 – ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND HUMAN RIGHTS

  • Acquaint the student with the significance of Environmental Science.
  • Make the students aware about the extent of the total biodiversity and the importance of their
  • Help the student to design novel mechanisms for the sustainable utilization of natural resources.
  • Enable the students to understand the structure and function of the ecosystems.
  • Enable the students to understand various kinds of pollution in the environment, their impacts on the ecosystem and their control measures
  • Make the students aware about various environmental laws in India and the role of various movements in the protection of nature and natural resources.

Open Course BOT5COT0117 – AGRI-BASED MICROENTERPRISES

  • Provide basic information about the business opportunities in plant sciences.
  • Inform the student about sustainable agriculture and organic farming.
  • Inculcate an enthusiasm and awareness about ornamental gardening, nursery management andmushroom cultivation.

BOT6CRT0117 – GENETICS, PLANT BREEDING AND HORTICULTURE

  • Imparting an insight into the principles of heredity
  • Understand the patterns of inheritance in different organisms
  • Understand the inheritance pattern of nuclear and extra nuclear genes
  • Understand the methods of crop improvement
  • Understand the importance of horticulture in human welfare
  • Develop skill in gardening technique among students

BOT6CRT0217 – CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

  • Understand the ultra-structure and functioning of cell in the sub-microscopic andmolecular level.
  • Get an idea of origin, concept of continuity and complexity of life activities.
  • Familiarization of life processes.
  • Understand the basic and scientific aspect of diversity.
  • Understand the cytological aspects of growth and development.
  • Understand DNA as the basis of heredity and variation.

BOT6CRT0317 – ANGIOSPERM MORPHOLOGY, TAXONOMY AND ECONOMIC BOTANY

  • Acquaint with the aims, objectives and significance of taxonomy.
  • Identify the common species of plants growing in Kerala and their systematic position.
  • Develop inductive and deductive reasoning ability.
  • Acquaint with the basic technique in the preparation of herbarium.
  • Familiarizing with the plants having immense economic importance.

BOT6CRT0417 – BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOINFORMATICS

  • Understand the current developments in the field of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics.
  • Equip the students to carry out plant tissue culture.
  • Introduce the vast repositories of biological data knowledge.
  • Equip to access and analyse the data available in the databases.

Elective course BOT6CBT0117 – AGRIBUSINESS

  • Inculcate and impart an idea about the business opportunities in the field of plant sciences.
  • Develop an entrepreneurial mindset and also to stick on to the core subject among the Botany students.
  • Give an idea about the need of sustainable development and organic farming.
  • Harness the opportunities and potentials in the field of ecotourism, processing technology and foodsciences.

COMPLEMENTARY COURSE

BOT1CMT0117 – CRYPTOGAMS, GYMNOSPERMS AND PLANT PATHOLOGY

  • Acquire fundamental knowledge in plant science and to make the student to understand that Botany is an integral part of the human life and developments.
  • Foster and encourage an attitude of curiosity, appreciation and enquiry of various life forms of plants.
  • Understand the identifying characters of the different types included in the syllabus.
  • Understand the diversity of plants with respect to Algae, Fungi, Lichens, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms.

BOT2CMT0117 – PLANT PHYSIOLOGY

  • Make the students realize the importance of all physiological processes which take place in plants.
  • Understand the mechanism of various physiological processes related to plant life.

BOT3CMT0117 – ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY AND ECONOMIC BOTANY

  • Acquaint the student with the objectives and components of Taxonomy.
  • Help the student to understand the systems of classification of angiosperms.
  • Help the student to identify the common angiosperm species of Kerala.
  • Familiarize the student with plants of immense economic importance.

BOT4CMT0117 – ANATOMY AND APPLIED BOTANY

  • Understand different types of plant tissues.
  • Understand the internal structure of different plant organs with reference to their functions.
  • Understand the process of normal and anomalous secondary thickening in plants.
  • Know the morphological and anatomical adaptations of plants growing in different habitats.
  • Understand how botanical knowledge could be applied for crop improvement.

B.Sc. Botany  Syllabus – 2016

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)

PO1. Knowledge and understanding of:

  • The range of plant diversity in terms of structure, function and environmental relationships.
  • Plant classification and the flora of Kochi, Kerala,vs India and the World.
  • Statistics as applied to biological data.
  • Basic life science and fundamental process of plants and analyze any plant form.

PO2. Intellectual skills – able to:

  • Assimilate knowledge and ideas based on wide reading, through books, journals, internet etc.
  • Transfer of appropriate knowledge and methods from one topic to another within the subject.
  • Construct and test hypothesis.
  • Plan, conduct and write a report on an independent term project.

PO3. Practical skills in:

Students learn to carry out practical work, in the field and in the laboratory, with minimal risk. They gain introductory experience in applying each of the following skills and gain greater proficiency in a selection of them depending on their choice of optional modules.

  • Interpreting plant morphology and anatomy and plant identification.
  • Mastery of vegetation analysis techniques.
  • A range of physiochemical analyses of plant materials in the context of plant physiology and biochemistry.
  • Analyze data using appropriate statistical methods and computer packages.

PO4. Transferable skills in:

  • Use of IT (word-processing, use of internet, statistical packages and databases).
  • Ability to work as part of a team and communication of scientific ideas in writing and oral presentation
  • Ability to use library resources and time management.
  • Career planning and local resource management in terms of plants

PO5. Design/development of solutions in investigation and management of complex problems:

Design solutions from various requirements of the societal for problems   like environmental degradation, disorders and disease of human beings etc.  and calk out appropriate remedial measures.

Use research-based knowledge and research methods including design of experiments, analysis and interpretation of data, and development of the information to provide valid conclusions.

PO6. Modern tool usage:

Create, select, and apply appropriate techniques, resources, and modern instruments and equipments for biochemical estimation, molecular biology, biotechnology, plant tissue culture experiments, cellular and physiological activities of plants with an understanding of the application and limitations.

PO7. The Botanist and Society:

Apply reasoning informed by the contextual knowledge to assess plant diversity, its importance for society, health, safety, legal and environmental issues and the consequent responsibilities relevant to the biodiversity conservation practice.

PO8. Environment and sustainability and ethics:

Understand the impact of the plant diversity in societal and environmental contexts, and demonstrate the knowledge of, and need for sustainable development with a right insight to apply ethical principles and commit to environmental ethics and responsibilities and formulate norms for biodiversity conservation.

PO 9. Project management and finance:

Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the engineering and management principles and apply these to one’s own work, as a member and leader in a team, to manage projects and in multidisciplinary environments.

PO10. Life-long learning:

Recognize the need for, and have the preparation and ability to engage in independent and life-long learning in the broadest context of technological change.

PROGRAMME SPECIFIC OUTCOMES (PSOs)

On successful completion of the program the students will be able to-

  • Demonstrate a scientific attitude to be open-minded, critical and curious.
  • Able to understand the biodiversity of plants and explain basis plant of life, reproduction and their survival in nature.
  • Demonstrate a good understanding on right laboratory practices and safety.
  • Explain the various life processes of plants and the genetic basis of heredity.
  • Develop a drive to experiment with various plant breeding and nursery techniques.
  • Be made ready with a dynamic urge to pursue life as agri-based micro-entrepreneurs with an ability to work hard and be more useful for society.

COURSE OUTCOMES 

BOT1CRT01: METHODOLOGY AND PERSPECTIVES OF SCIENCE & AN INTRODUCTION TO THE WORLD OF PLANT DIVERSITY

  • Understand the methodologies followed in science.
  • Get an idea of the plant diversity by learning about the major groups of plants and their key features.
  • Understand the evolutionary trends in plant world.

BOT2CRT01: GENERAL INFORMATICS AND METHODOLOGIES IN PLANT SCIENCES

  • Understand the use and relevance of information technology.
  • Get an introduction to the basic tools used in computers.
  • Understand the important techniques and chemicals used in microtechnique.
  • Get an introductory idea of research by familiarising with basic instruments and statistical tools.

BOT3CRT01: MICROBIOLOGY AND PHYCOLOGY

  • Understand the world of microbes
  • Understand the identifying characters of the lower groups of plants
  • Have an idea on diverse groups of plants
  • Understand the application of microbiology in different fields.

BOT4CRT01: ANATOMY AND REPRODUCTIVE BOTANY OF ANGIOSPERMS

  • Impart an insight into the internal structure and reproduction of the most evolved group of plants, the Angiosperm.
  • Identifies role of anatomy in solving taxonomic and phylogenetic problems.
  • Understand the structural adaptations in plants growing in different environment.
  • Understand the life cycle pattern of Angiosperms.
  • Understand the morphology and development of reproductive parts.
  • Get an insight in to the fruit and seed development.

BOT5CRT01: MYCOLOGY, LICHENOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY

  • Understand the diversity of fungal and lichen world and its significance.
  • Understand the various plant diseases and their impact on agriculture.
  • Familiarize with the various measures adopted to control plant diseases

BOT5CRT02: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND ECOTOURISM

  • Acquaint the student with the significance of Environmental Science.
  • Help the students to understand the extent, limitations and depletion of natural resources
  • Help the student to design novel mechanism for the sustainable utilization of natural resources.
  • Enable the students to understand the structure and function of the Ecosystems
  • Make the students to identify the nature and interactions of populations in the ecosystem
  • Enable the students to understand various kinds of pollution in the environment, their impacts on the ecosystem and their control measures
  • Make the students aware about the nature and structure of various environmental laws in India
  • Make the students aware about the role of various movements in the protection of nature and natural resources.
  • Make the students aware about the extent of the total biodiversity and their conservation.
  • Make the students to assess the positive and negative impacts of Ecotourism and its role in the sustainable utilization of resources for tourism.

BOT5CRT03: GENETICS, PLANT BREEDING AND HORTICULTURE

  • Understand the basic principles of heredity
  • Understand the inheritance pattern of nuclear and extra nuclear genes
  • Understand the methods of crop improvement
  • Understand the importance of horticulture in human welfare

BOT5CRT04: CELL MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

  • Understand the Ultra structure and functioning of cell in the submicroscopic and molecular level.
  • Get an idea of origin, concept of continuity and complexity of life activities.
  • Familiarization of life process.
  • Understand the basic and scientific aspect of diversity.
  • Understand the cytological aspects of growth and development.
  • Understand DNA as the basis of heredity and variation.
  • Understand the concept of evolution as the basis of biodiversity.

OPEN COURSE BOT5COT01: AGRIBASED MICROENTERPRISES

  • Have basic information about the business opportunities in plant sciences.
  • Inform the student about sustainable agriculture and organic farming.
  • Inculcate an enthusiasm and awareness about ornamental gardening, nursery management and mushroom cultivation.

BOT6CRT01: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY

  • Understand the basic principles related to various physiological functions in plant life.
  • Familiarize with the basic skills and techniques related to plant physiology.
  • Understand the role, structure and importance of the bio molecules associated with plant life.
  • Familiarize with the recent trends in the field of plant physiology.
  • Familiarize with applied aspects of plant physiology in other fields like agriculture.

BOT6CRT02: BRYOLOGY, PTERIDOLOGY, GYMNOSPERMS & PALEOBOTANY

  • Understand the diversity in habits, habitats and organization of various groups of plants.
  • Understand the evolutionary trends in plants.
  • Identify the anatomical variations in lower groups of plants.
  1. Understand the significance of Paleobotany.

BOT6CRT03: ANGIOSPERM MORPHOLOGY, SYSTEMATIC BOTANY AND ECONOMIC BOTANY

  • Acquaint with the aims, objectives and significance of taxonomy.
  • Identify the common species of plants growing in Kerala and their systematic position.
  • Develop inductive and deductive reasoning ability.
  • Acquaint with the basic technique in the preparation of herbarium.
  • Familiarizing with the plants having immense economic importance.

BOT6CRT04: BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOINFORMATICS

  • Familiarize with the fundamental principles of biotechnology, various developments in biotechnology and potential applications.
  • Make aware that the life forms and activities can be exploited for human advancement.
  • Impart an introductory knowledge about bio informatics to the students.
  • Use of computers to handle biological data base.

CORE COURSE CHOICE BASED – BOT6CBT01: AGRIBUSINESS

  • Inculcate and impart an idea about the business opportunities in the field of plant sciences.
  • Develop an entrepreneurial mindset and also to stick on to the core subject among the Botany students.
  • Give an idea about the need of sustainable development and organic farming.
  • Harness the opportunities and potentials in the field of ecotourism, processing technology and food sciences.

COMPLEMENTARY COURSE

BOT1CMT01: CRYPTOGAMS, GYMNOSPERMS AND PLANT PATHOLOGY

  • Acquire fundamental knowledge in plant science and to make the student to understand that Botany is an integral part of the human life and developments.
  • Foster and encourage an attitude of curiosity, appreciation and enquiry of various life forms of plants
  • Understand the indentifying characters of the different types included in the syllabus
  • Understand the diversity of microbes and plants with respect to Viruses ,Bacteria, Algae, Fungi, Lichens, Bryophytes , Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms

BOT2CMT01: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY

  • Understand the mechanism of various physiological processes related to plant life.

BOT3CMT01: ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY AND ECONOMIC BOTANY

  • Acquaint the student with the objectives and components of Taxonomy.
  • Help the student to understand the systems of classification of angiosperms.
  • Help the student to identify the common angiosperm species of Kerala.
  • Familiarize the student with plants of immense economic importance.

BOT4CMT01: ANATOMY AND APPLIED BOTANY

  • Understand different types of plant tissues.
  • Understand the internal structure of different plant organs with reference to their functions.
  • Understand the process of normal and anomalous secondary thickening in plants.
  • Know the morphological and anatomical adaptations of plants growing in different habitats.
  • Understand the applications of botanical knowledge in the field of crop improvement for human prosperity.