Programme Educational Outcomes of B.Sc. Botany: (PEO)

  1. Critically evaluation of ideas and arguments by collection relevant information about the plants, so as recognize the position of plant in the broad classification and phylogenetic level.
  2. Identify problems and independently propose solutions using creative approaches, acquired through interdisciplinary experiences, and a depth and breadth of knowledge/expertise in the field of Plant Identification.
  3. Accurately interpretation of collected information and use taxonomical information to evaluate and formulate a position of plant in taxonomy.
  4. Students will be able to apply the scientific method to questions in botany by formulating testable hypotheses, collecting data that address these hypotheses, and analyzing those data to assess the degree to which their scientific work supports their hypotheses.
  5. Students will be able to present scientific hypotheses and data both orally and in writing in the formats that are used by practicing scientists.
  6. Students will be able to access the primary literature, identify relevant works for a particular topic, and evaluate the scientific content of these works.
  7. Students will be able to apply fundamental mathematical tools (statistics, calculus) and physical principles (physics, chemistry) to the analysis of relevant biological situations.
  8. Students will be able to identify the major groups of organisms with an emphasis on plants and be able to classify them within a phylogenetic framework. Students will be able to compare and contrast the characteristics of plants, algae, and fungi that differentiate them from each other and from other forms of life.
  9. Students will be able to use the evidence of comparative biology to explain how the theory of evolution offers the only scientific explanation for the unity and diversity of life on earth. They will be able to use specific examples to explicate how descent with modification has shaped plant morphology, physiology, and life history.
  10. Students will be able to explain how Plants function at the level of the gene, genome, cell, tissue, flower development. Drawing upon this knowledge, they will be able to give specific examples of the physiological adaptations, development, reproduction and mode of life cycle followed by different forms of plants.
  11. Students will be able to demonstrate proficiency in the experimental techniques and methods of analysis appropriate for their area of specialization within biology.


Programme Outcomes B.Sc. Botany: (PO)

 PO1. Knowledge and understanding of:

  1. The range of plant diversity in terms of structure, function and environmental relationships.
  2. The evaluation of plant diversity.
  3. Plant classification and the flora of Kerala and India.
  4. The role of plants in the functioning of the global ecosystem.
  5. A selection of more specialized, optional topics.
  6. Statistics as applied to biological data.

PO2. Intellectual skills – able to:

  1. Think logically and organize tasks into a structured form.
  2. Assimilate knowledge and ideas based on wide reading and through the internet.
  3. Transfer of appropriate knowledge and methods from one topic to another within the subject.
  4. Understand the evolving state of knowledge in a rapidly developing field.
  5. Construct and test hypothesis, plan, and conduct and write a report on an independent term project.

PO3. Practical skills:

Students learn to carry out practical work, in the field and in the laboratory, with minimal risk. They gain introductory experience in applying each of the following skills and gain greater proficiency in a selection of them depending on their choice of optional modules.

  1. Interpreting plant morphology and anatomy, Plant identification and vegetation analysis techniques
  2. A range of physiochemical analyses of plant materials in the context of plant physiology and biochemistry.
  3. Analyze data using appropriate statistical methods and computer packages
  4. Plant pathology to be added for sharing of field and lab data abtained.

PO4. Transferable skills:

  1. Use of IT (word-processing, use of internet, statistical packages and databases).
  2. Communication of scientific ideas in writing and orally.
  3. Ability to work as part of a team.
  4. Ability to use library resources.
  5. Time management and Career planning.

PO5. Scientific Knowledge:

Apply the knowledge of basic science, life sciences and fundamental process of plants to study and analyze any plant form.

PO6. Problem analysis:

Identify the taxonomic position of plants, formulate the research literature, and analyze non reported plants with substantiated conclusions using first principles and methods of nomenclature and classification in Botany.

PO7. Design/development of solutions:

Design solutions from medicinal plants for health problems, disorders and disease of human beings and estimate the phytochemical content of plants which meet the specified needs to appropriate consideration for the public health

PO8. Conduct investigations of complex problems:

Use research-based knowledge and research methods including design of experiments, analysis and interpretation of data, and development of the information to provide valid conclusions.

PO9. Modern tool usage:

Create, select, and apply appropriate techniques, resources, and modern instruments and equipments for Biochemical estimation, Molecular Biology, Biotechnology, Plant Tissue culture experiments, cellular and physiological activities of plants with an understanding of the application and limitations.

PO10. The Botanist and society:

Apply reasoning informed by the contextual knowledge to assess plant diversity, its importance for society, health, safety, legal and environmental issues and the consequent responsibilities relevant to the biodiversity conservation practice.

PO11. Environment and sustainability:

Understand the impact of the plant diversity in societal and environmental contexts, and demonstrate the knowledge of, and need for sustainable development.

PO12. Ethics:

Apply ethical principles and commit to environmental ethics and responsibilities and norms of the biodiversity conservation.

PO13. Individual and team work:

Function effectively as an individual, and as a member or leader in diverse teams, and in multidisciplinary settings.

PO14. Communication:

Communicate effectively on complex engineering activities with the engineering community and with society at large, such as, being able to comprehend and write effective reports and design documentation, make effective presentations, and give and receive clear instructions.

PO15. Project management and finance:

Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the engineering and management principles and apply these to one’s own work, as a member and leader in a team, to manage projects and in multidisciplinary environments.

PO16. Life-long learning:

Recognize the need for, and have the preparation and ability to engage in independent and life-long learning in the broadest context of technological change.


Programme Specific Outcomes of Botany: (PSOs)

 On completion of the course, students are able to:

  1. Understand the diversity, systematic, morphology and structure and the life cycle pattern, useful and harmful activities of Algae.
  2. Understand the Biodiversity and Economic Importance of Fungi of Fungi
  3. Understand the morphological diversity and economic importance of Bryophytes, Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms
  4. Know the evolution of Bryophytes and Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms.
  5. Understand the Biochemical nature of cell.
  6. Know the chemical nature of biomolecules and its different types of interaction.
  7. Structure and general features of enzymes, Concept of enzyme activity and enzyme inhibition.
  8. Learn about the movement of sap and absorption of water in plant body and plant movements.
  9. Understand the habit of the angiosperm plant body. vegetative and reproductive characteristics of the plant,
  10. Understand the plant morphology and basic taxonomy.
  11. The eukaryotic cell cycle and mitotic and meiotic cell division
  12. Structure and organization of cell membrane and process of membrane transport and membrane models
  13. Mendelian and Neo-mendelian genetics
  14. Become aware of applications of different plants in various industries.
  15. To highlight the potential of these studies to become an entrepreneur.
  16. Know importance and scope of plant physiology, water relations in plants and plant cells.
  17. Understand the process of photosynthesis in higher plants with particular emphasis on light and dark reactions, C3 and C4 pathways.
  18. Understand the respiration in higher plants with particular emphasis on aerobic and anaerobic respiration
  19. Understand plant communities and ecological adaptations in plants, Understand Bioremediation, Global warming and climate change.
  20. Learn about conservation of biodiversity, Non-conventional Energy and Pollution.
  21. Discover botanical regions of India and vegetation types of Maharashtra.
  22. Learn the scope and importance of molecular biology.
  23. Understand the biochemical nature of nucleic acids, their role in living systems, experimental evidences to prove DNA as a genetic material.
  24. Understand the process of synthesis of proteins and role of genetic code in polypeptide formation.
  1. Know the scope of Paleobotany, types of fossils, its role in global economy and geological time scale.
  2. Understand the various fossil genera representing different fossil groups.
  3. Know the details of Microscopy- Principles of light microscopy, electron microscopy (TEM and SEM).
  4. Understand & perform Chromatography and cultural techniques in Botany.
  5. Understand the methods used in Micrometry, Microtomy and Microphotography.
  6. Understand the properties of Monosaccharides, Oligosaccharides and Polysaccharides.
  7. They will learn about the Significance of Carbohydrates, Understand the Properties of saturated fatty acids, and unsaturated fatty acids and understand lipid metabolism in plants.
  8. Understand the Beta Oxidation, Gluconeogenesis and its role in mobilization of fatty acids during germination.
  9. They will be able to understand Brief outline of biosynthesis of amino acid.
  10. Understand the protein – structure and classification and protein biosynthesis in prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
  11. They will learn about the nucleic acid metabolism.
  12. Know the floral variations in angiospermic families, their phylogeny and evolution.
  13. Understand various rules, principles and recommendations of plant nomenclature produces in plant identification.
  14. Understand major evolutionary trends in various parts of angiospermic plants